Research

1/f Noise Analysis for FAST HI Intensity Mapping Drift-Scan Experiment

We investigate the 1/f noise of the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST) receiver system using drift-scan data from an intensity mapping pilot survey. All the 19 beams have 1/f fluctuations with similar structures. Both the temporal and the 2D power spectrum densities are estimated. The correlations directly seen in the time series data at low …

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Reionization with Simba: How much does astrophysics matter in modeling cosmic reionization?

Traditional large-scale models of reionization usually employ simple deterministic relations between halo mass and luminosity to predict how reionization proceeds. We here examine the impact on modelling reionization of using more detailed models for the ionizing sources as identified within the 100 Mpc/h cosmological hydrodynamic simulation Simba, coupled with post-processed radiative transfer. Comparing with simple (one-to-one) models, the …

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MIGHTEE-HI: The baryonic Tully-Fisher relation over the last billion years

Using a sample of 67 galaxies from the MIGHTEE Survey Early Science data we study the HI-based baryonic Tully-Fisher relation (bTFr), covering a period of ∼one billion years (0≤z≤0.081). We consider the bTFr based on two different rotational velocity measures: the width of the global HI profile and Vout, measured as the outermost rotational velocity from the …

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Finding universal relations in subhalo properties with artificial intelligence

We use a generic formalism designed to search for relations in high-dimensional spaces to determine if the total mass of a subhalo can be predicted from other internal properties such as velocity dispersion, radius, or star-formation rate. We train neural networks using data from the Cosmology and Astrophysics with MachinE Learning Simulations (CAMELS) project and …

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Constraining the neutrino mass using a multi-tracer combination of two galaxy surveys and CMB lensing

Measuring the total neutrino mass is one of the most exciting opportunities available with next-generation cosmological data sets. We study the possibility of detecting the total neutrino mass using large-scale clustering in 21cm intensity mapping and photometric galaxy surveys, together with CMB information. We include the scale-dependent halo bias contribution due to the presence of …

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HERA Phase I Limits on the Cosmic 21-cm Signal: Constraints on Astrophysics and Cosmology During the Epoch of Reionization

Recently, the Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array (HERA) collaboration has produced the experiment’s first upper limits on the power spectrum of 21-cm fluctuations at z~8 and 10. Here, we use several independent theoretical models to infer constraints on the intergalactic medium (IGM) and galaxies during the epoch of reionization (EoR) from these limits. We find …

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Multi-wavelength spectroscopic probes: biases from neglecting light-cone effects

Next-generation cosmological surveys will observe larger cosmic volumes than ever before, enabling us to access information on the primordial Universe, as well as on relativistic effects. In a companion paper, we applied a Fisher analysis to forecast the expected precision on fNL and the detectability of the lensing magnification and Doppler contributions to the power spectrum. Here …

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