MIGHTEE-HI: Possible interactions with the galaxy NGC~895

The transformation and evolution of a galaxy is strongly influenced by interactions with its environment. Neutral hydrogen (HI) is an excellent way to trace these interactions. Here, we present HI observations of the spiral galaxy NGC~895, which was previously thought to be isolated. High-sensitivity HI observations from the MeerKAT large survey project MIGHTEE reveal possible interaction features, such as extended spiral arms, and the two newly discovered HI companions, that drive us to change the narrative that it is an isolated galaxy. We combine these observations with deep optical images from the Hyper Suprime Camera to show an absence of tidal debris between NGC 895 and its companions. We do find an excess of light in the outer parts of the companion galaxy MGTH_J022138.1-052631 which could be an indication of external perturbation and thus possible sign of interactions. Our analysis shows that NGC~895 is an actively star-forming galaxy with a SFR of 1.75±0.09[M⊙/yr], a value typical for high stellar mass galaxies on the star forming main sequence. It is reasonable to state that different mechanisms may have contributed to the observed features in NGC~895 and this emphasizes the need to revisit the target with more detailed observations. Our work shows the high potential and synergy of using state-of-the-art data in both HI and optical to reveal a more complete picture of galaxy environments.


MIGHTEE-HI: Possible interactions with the galaxy NGC~895, Brenda NamumbaJavier RománJesus Falcon BarrosoJohan H. KnapenIanjamasimanana RogerElizabeth NaluminsaGyula I. G. JozsaMarie KorsagaNatasha MaddoxBrad FrankSinenhlanhla SikhosanaSamuel LegodiClaude CarignanAnastasia A. PonomarevaTom JarrettDanielle LuceroOleg M. SmirnovThijs van der HulstD.J.Pisanokasia MalekLucia MarchettiMattia VaccariMatt JarvisMaarten BaesMartin MeyerElizabeth A. K. AdamsJacinta DelhaizeHao ChenSambatriniaina RajohnsonSushma KurapatiIan HeywoodLourdes Verdes-Montenegro, Accepted for publication in MNRAS, arXiv:2303.09371