Next-generation cosmological surveys will observe larger cosmic volumes than ever before, enabling us to access information on the primordial Universe, as well as on relativistic effects. We consider forthcoming 21cm intensity mapping surveys (SKAO) and optical galaxy surveys (DESI and Euclid), combining the information via multi-tracer cross-correlations that suppress cosmic variance on ultra-large scales. In order to fully incorporate wide-angle effects and redshift-bin cross-correlations, together with lensing magnification and other relativistic effects, we use the angular power spectra, Cℓ(zi,zj). Applying a Fisher analysis, we forecast the expected precision on fNL and the detectability of lensing and other relativistic effects. We find that the full combination of two pairs of 21cm and galaxy surveys, one pair at low redshift and one at high redshift, could deliver σ(fNL)∼1.5, detect the Doppler effect with a signal-to-noise ratio ∼8 and measure the lensing convergence contribution at ∼2% precision. In a companion paper, we show that the best-fit values of fNL and of standard cosmological parameters are significantly biased if the lensing contribution is neglected.
Multi-wavelength spectroscopic probes: prospects for primordial non-Gaussianity and relativistic effects, Jan-Albert Viljoen, José Fonseca, Roy Maartens, Prepared for submission to JCAP, arXiv:2107.14057